The John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation offers fellowships to further the development of scholars and artists by allowing them to engage in research in any field of knowledge or creation in the arts and sciences. The foundation awards fellowships to those who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts. Appointments are normally for one year and never for less than six consecutive months. Stipends are individually determined according to need, resources, and scope of studies. Fellowships are awarded to citizens and permanent residents of the United States, Canada, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Application deadline is September 15, 2008; see the web site for more information.