Remembering JFK – November 22, 1963

The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey PlazaNovember 22, 1963. America was in the midst of the Cold War. The Cuban Missile Crisis had just taken place the year before. And to top it all off, JFK received a fatal shot while driving through Dealey Plaza in Dallas, Texas. Talk about a shot heard ‘round the world.

That tragic day commenced a whirlwind of conspiracy theories. While the government concluded Lee Harvey Oswald, a former Marine and Soviet Union supporter, carried out the shooting, not everyone bought it. Although no one doubts that Oswald shot and killed J. D. Tippit, a Dallas police officer, on the same day as the Dealey Plaza shootings, was he also responsible for JFK’s murder? And what about Jack Ruby, the nightclub owner who took the law into his own hands by killing Oswald on November 24, 1963?

Needless to say, the 48-hours surrounding JFK’s assassination is truly a web of murder and mystery. The Katzenbach’s Memo, written by Deputy Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach to JFK’s assistant Bill Moyers on November 25, 1963, only compounds this web: “The public must be satisfied that Oswald was the assassin; that he did not have confederates who are still at large, and that evidence was such that he would have been convicted at trial.”

We’ll leave hypothesizing and theorizing up to you and simply lay out the educational resources needed to draw your own conclusions.

JFK Resources
The Mary Ferrell Foundation, whose motto is Preserving the Legacy, has created an accessible historical forum for the new generation of critical thinkers that is absolutely rich with resources. The site features an extensive digital archive that includes documents, multimedia, books, essays, journals, projects, and walkthroughs (which contain thematically linked documents), all of which center on JFK. The site also contains various Starting Points, which guide you through the available resources: Investigations, Evidence, Events & Stories, Theories & Perspectives, People, Organizations and the Kennedy Presidency.

After Congress ordered the John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act in 1992, the National Archives collected and compiled all material linked to the assassination into one collection, featuring “five million pages of assassination-related records, photographs, motion pictures, sound recordings, and artifacts.” Begin your researching journey with the site’s reference system that allows you to search through all of the collection’s documents.

American Presidents features profiles on all of the American presidents, including JFK, complete with individual biographies, key events, and other reference materials. You can also visit Arlington National Cemetery’s profile on the president, which contains a contextual backdrop for the assassination.

History Matters, a web site dedicated to “shed[ding] needed light on the darker aspects of post-World War II American politics, and in particular the tumultuous assassinations of the 1960s,” has a separate page dedicated to the JFK Assassination, featuring, among many things, government reports, analyses of evidence, essays, audio recordings, and a list of recommended books.

For those interested in the conspiracy theory aspect of Kennedy’s Assassination, John McAdams, an assistant professor of political science at Marquette University, created a site with resources almost exclusively intended for “debunking the mass of misinformation and disinformation surrounding the murder of JFK.”

Teaching Resources
The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum contains various historical resources, as well as information on their education and public programs. Students can delve into the site’s resources to learn more about the life of JFK; expand their historical familiarity with the era; explore the president’s political endeavors; test their knowledge through thematic activities; and even apply this knowledge by entering the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage essay contest. There are a comparable amount of resources available to teachers as well: “Inspired by John F. Kennedy’s approach to learning, we [the site] encourage teachers and their students to engage in a dynamic, rigorous, and reflective study of history and politics.” Teachers can learn more about school visits and special school programs; explore activities and resources applicable to their curriculum; participate in professional development seminars; peruse New Frontiers, A Newsletter for Educators; and nominate their students for the Make a Difference Award.

Read-Write-Think offers countless classroom activities from virtually any historical era, including JFK’s assassination. Teachers can use one of the site’s two lessons: Exploring and Sharing Family Stories (grades 6-8) and Creating Family Timelines (grades 3-5).

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  1. J A Baker

    You state that Oswald was Tippit’s killer — but this statement is in error. We now doubt that he was. Much new evidence has emerged indicating that Oswald did not shoot Officer Tippit. See Dr. James Fetzer’s “Murder in Dealey Plaza,” p. 78-80 where we learn troubling details, indicating not enough time for Oswald to have been on the scene. An unbiased timing has been conducted and filmed –see YouTube: “Did Oswald have time to make it to the Tippit murder scene?” .

    Now that we have films on the Internet to correlate witness statements, we can access distressing original information — not merely the mass of exhibits and statements offered by the Warren Commission– and what we have found since 1996 has resulted in a revolution of which you should be aware. No Bulgiosi or Posner book can come against the new evidence now available. Example in Tippit’s case: witness problems regarding his murder:
    see YouTube, “The Tippitt Witnesses,” at ; then there is Aquila Williams’ interview (known witness, but her testimony was not taken by the Warren Commission — a typical cherry=picking of evidence): see at YouTube
    … those who have delved into the case deeply have learned that Oswald was framed.

    Instead of watching TV specials, view the historic films and interviews compiled by researchers who aren’t paid to produce yet another “Oswald did it” fiasco. Talking about fiascos,the Dartmouth professor (Farid) laid an egg, unfortunately, in his analysis of the “infamous backyard photos.” Click on ‘search’ at Op Ed News and type in: “The Dartmouth JFK Photo Fiasco” by Dr. Fetzer and Jim Marrs. You’ll see why many researchers are concerned about loose statements flying around concerning Oswald’s being accused of murders, when evidence continues to mount that he was innocent of all charges. The URL for that article is at:

    This is neither the first nor last time that history was rewritten to hide the truth about an event. responsible scholars such as fetzer, dr. David Mantik, Jerry Rose, Harrison Livingstone, Douglas P. Horne, James Douglass, Edward T. Haslam, Jim Marrs, Robert Groden, and Michael T. Griffith are just a few of the names that can be trusted to present the truth, unvarnished. Or read Bugliosi, who got a million dollars to create his version — which we call ‘the official version’ that consistently ignores evidence and witnesses now available.