By Ethan Ehrenhaft
In 2009, archaeologists uncovered a small copper medallion in a pit at Fort Shirley, Pennsylvania. Dated to the early 1750s, the trinket may have gone unnoticed were it not for the single phrase in Arabic emblazoned on its surface: “No god but Allah.” Its owner was most likely an enslaved person in the service of trader George Croghan. The Fort Shirley medallion has become part of a rare yet influential assortment of artifacts connected to the lives of enslaved Muslims in the United States.
Mark Sedgwick is a professor at Aarhus University, Denmark. He lives in Aarhus and has been a member since 1997.
From choosing a graduate school to selecting a dissertation topic, a history PhD is full of avenues not explored. Not all research, for instance, makes it into the final dissertation draft. It’s one thing to discard a source that just doesn’t fit. But what about a trove of sources that have the potential to alter the direction of a project entirely?
Usha Sanyal is an independent scholar and adjunct instructor at Queens University of Charlotte. She lives in Charlotte, North Carolina, and has been a member since 2010.
Sarah Walsh is a postdoctoral research associate at the University of Sydney. She lives in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, and has been a member since 2012.
Mou Banerjee is a PhD candidate in modern South Asian history at Harvard University. She lives in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and has been a member since 2013.
Lilian Calles Barger is an independent scholar. She lives in Taos, New Mexico, and has been a member since 2008.
By Tyler Anbinder
Underpinning President Donald Trump’s recent ban on immigration from seven predominantly Muslim countries is the belief that these immigrants are fundamentally different than those who came to the United States in the past. An unsentimental look at the history of American immigrants, however, shows that the banned immigrants are not fundamentally different from Americans’ foreign-born grandparents, great-grandparents, or even great-great-great-grandparents.